Опубликовано: 29.09.2017.

You can use порнобарнаул Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system порнобарнаул for your Windows порнобарнаул Linux computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers. You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process of installing required updates for servers.

You can enable Update Management порнобарнаул virtual machines порнобарнаул from your Azure Automation account. To learn how to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines. You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Linux and Windows virtual machines. Computers that are managed by Update Management порнобарнаул the following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:.

The following diagram shows a порнобарнаул view of the behavior and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Порнобарнаул computers in a порнобарнаул. After a computer performs a scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the information in bulk to Azure Log Analytics. On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan schedule, the порнобарнаул for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before порнобарнаул installation, and after update installation.


For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is порнобарнаул every 3 hours by default. If the Порнобарнаул agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes.


This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a порнобарнаул repo. To learn more about these requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Workers.

You can deploy and install software updates порнобарнаул computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment. Only required updates are included in the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve порнобарнаул designate a period of time during which updates can be installed.

Updates are installed by runbooks in Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that порнобарнаул a master update runbook at the specified time for порнобарнаул included computers. Порнобарнаул master порнобарнаул starts порнобарнаул child runbook on each agent to perform installation порнобарнаул required updates.

At the date and time specified in the update deployment, the target computers execute the deployment in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed порнобарнаул verify that the updates are still required. The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an порнобарнаул repository. The update repository can be private or public. To create and порнобарнаул update deployments, you need порнобарнаул permissions. To learn about these permissions, see Role-based access - Update Management.


The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are порнобарнаул to your Automation account. They fail if you try. These groups are intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if порнобарнаул use the same account for both the solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.

This functionality порнобарнаул added in version 7. Порнобарнаул your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs are installed in Operations Manager. These management порнобарнаул are also installed on directly connected Windows computers after you порнобарнаул the solution.

For more information about how solution management packs are updated, порнобарнаул Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able порнобарнаул be fully managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Порнобарнаул. To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent.


To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can порнобарнаул one the following log searches. On a Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent порнобарнаул with Log Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux порнобарнаул.

Newly added Linux agents порнобарнаул a status of Updated after порнобарнаул assessment has been performed. This process can take up to 6 hours.


A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Windows порнобарнаул. Every 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for порнобарнаул last порнобарнаул time to determine whether the status has changed. If порнобарнаул status has changed, a compliance scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 порнобарнаул for the dashboard to display updated data from managed computers.

In your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines. This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update порнобарнаул. To run a log search that returns information about the порнобарнаул, update, or deployment, select the item in the list.

The Log Search pane opens with a query for the item selected:. After порнобарнаул are assessed for all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates порнобарнаул creating an update deployment. An update deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one порнобарнаул more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include in the scope порнобарнаул a deployment.

To learn more about computer groups, see Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the time of schedule creation.


To work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows порнобарнаул machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service. To avoid updates being applied outside порнобарнаул a maintenance порнобарнаул on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates.

For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Порнобарнаул Missing updates to порнобарнаул the list of updates that are missing from your machines.


Each порнобарнаул is listed and порнобарнаул be selected. Information about порнобарнаул number of machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown.

The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing update deployments. Select any of the update deployments in the table порнобарнаул open the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment. To create a new update deployment, select Schedule update deployment.

The New Update Deployment pane порнобарнаул. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:.

The following tables порнобарнаул the update classifications in Update Management, with a порнобарнаул for each classification. For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates порнобарнаул the cloud while displaying assessment data due to data enrichment in the cloud.

For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, Порнобарнаул does not have this information available out of the box. If you have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management will be able to patch based on порнобарнаул. There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS.


At this порнобарнаул, only best-effort support is provided to порнобарнаул who may have порнобарнаул this on their own. The following addresses are required specifically порнобарнаул Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role порнобарнаул. It порнобарнаул recommended to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions.

Порнобарнаул file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and порнобарнаул upcoming changes to the IP ranges. In addition to the details that are provided порнобарнаул the Azure portal, порнобарнаул can do searches against the logs. On the solution pages, select Порнобарнаул Analytics.

The Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them from different clients and more by visiting: Log Порнобарнаул seach API documentation. The following sections provide sample log queries for update records that are collected by this solution:. The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates.

Configuration Manager is part of their software update management SUM порнобарнаул. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Because Update Management uses the same methods to update порнобарнаул that an administrator would use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional. When you deploy updates to a Linux machine, you can порнобарнаул update classifications.

This filters the updates порнобарнаул are applied to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed.

However, Update Management might still report that machine as being порнобарнаул because it has additional information about the relevant update. Deploying updates by update classification does not work on CentOS out of the box. This порнобарнаул a limitation of zypper.

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